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Can you name this Goan artist?

Untitled (Village Scene in Goa)  signed 'NEWTON' (lower right); further signed and dated 'Souza 1945' (on the reverse) gouache, ink and graphite on paper  10 3/8 x 14 7/8 in. (26.5 x 38 cm.)  Executed in 1945

Untitled (Village Scene in Goa)
signed ‘NEWTON’ (lower right); further signed and dated ‘Souza 1945’ (on the reverse)
gouache, ink and graphite on paper
10 3/8 x 14 7/8 in. (26.5 x 38 cm.)
Executed in 1945

A happy Goan village scene (on paper 10x15in) was estimated at £4,000-6,000 and shot up to £22,000 (£27,000, $39,930 incl premium) at an auction held at Christie’s in 2010

☛ Do you know who was artist?
Well, here are some hints. He was Goan from the village of‎ Saligao. He was expelled from St. Xavier’s College (Bombay) for drawing graffiti in the loo. He claimed he was only correcting the original graffiti because it was so bad but the priests didn’t buy that. Later he was suspended from the prestigious Sir J. J. School of Art, in 1945 because of his support for theQuit India Movement. He was also the founding member of the ‘Progressive Artists’ Group of Bombay‘, and was the first post-independence Indian artist to achieve high recognition in the West.

Can you name this Goan artist?

Photo source: ridingtheelephant.files.wordpress.com

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Old Master A. X. Trindade

Photo Courtesy:  marcellasirhandi.com

Antonio Xavier Trindade

By Dr. Nalini Bhagwat

Antonio Xavier Trindade was one of the important painters trained in the earlier batches of Sir. J. J. School of Art. Trindade was born in the Asnova village in Goa in 1869 and had his childhood also there. He Joined Sir. J. J. School of Art at the age of 19. He was possibly junior to M.V. Dhurandhar. After completion of his training there, he was appointed as a teacher in the same school. Like all the painters who were trained in J. J. School of Art, Trinbande too was expert in handling pencil, charcoal and watercolour as well as oil painting.

Trindade, Esther, The Artist's Youngest Daughter age 15

Trindade, Esther, The Artist’s Youngest Daughter age 15

Portrait and landscapes were his favourite subjects while he was a student he started getting prizes in the exhibitions of the Bombay Art society. In 1892, he won a silver medal for his head study and thereafter he won several prizes in Bombay Art Society’s annual exhibitions and by that he proved his mastery in handling various mechanisms in painting. His paintings with pastels and water colours were admired by the critics whole heartedly. The Bhavani Museum in Aundh has a portrait of an old man which proves his expert handling of water colour. While his portrait of a Marathi lady shows his mastery in handling oil colours. His skill in showing the Indian body-colour and its exact tone is revealed in this painting. This panting by Trindade is preserved in the collection of Sir. J.J. School of Art. The critics specially admired the painterly quality in his painting. His handling of oil painting, shows free handling and bold brushing. Moreover his paintings and especially his portrait shows an unusual harmony in the colour scheme.

Girl with a Vase

Girl with a Vase

His daughter writes that he was referred by the Art Critics as ‘A Rembrandt of the east’. Trindade gradually became famous for his portraits. He was already popular amongst the students. It was due to this he had some enemies in the art school. It may be because of that he was transferred from painting Department to the reay workshop which had no relation to Trindade. However, it was shown that he was promoted on the post of superintendant in the Reay Art Workshop. His salary was raised from Rs. 50 to 150 due to this promotion. Trindade being modest and good nature, never complained about this transfer and continued his work. The year 1920 showed the highest acknowledgement of Trindade. He won the Gold medal of the Bombay Art society for his painting flora. This painting showed a reclining lady, for which Trindade’s wife posed as a model. The panting shows spontaneity and a rich flesh-tint which has the quality of its own. It seems that the French artistic circles regarded him as easily the most inspired colourist of this country. Trindade’s other famous paintings include ‘Lady with Jar’ preserved in the National Gallery of Modern Art, Delhi as well as ‘A scene from Bombay’ and ‘Fiddler’ with a pleasant grey colour schemes and portrait of ‘Ambika’ Dhurandhar’s daughter in the some museum.

Trindade, Miss Ferns, a Writer, 1925

Trindade, Miss Ferns, a Writer, 1925

Trindade was fond of painting some still-life, a pad or pan in his portrait. As a person Trindade was a simple minded soul. He was never practical and particular about money matters. It was his wife who was shrewd and so saved money so that after his retirement he could have his own bungalow at Mahim. He named it as ‘Cassa Blanka’. As his house was nears the Mahim creek, Trindade could easily go to the sea-shore and paint landscape. He was very happy with his own painting activity. The student also freely went to his house and watch him engrossed in painting. However, soon his diabetes started troubling him. He had a wound in his leg which could not be cured and that leg had to be amputed. Trinadde still with his one leg went with his servant to the seashore for painting. One day engrossed in his painting he tried to go back to see his painting from a distance and fell down and his other leg was injured. Thus his painting activity was limited in his own studio. The last picture he painted was ‘Ecco Homo’ i.e. the Christ with a crown of Thorn. Possibly he compared himself with the agony of Christ. Trindade died on 16th March 1935.

Here your chance to research more about Antonio Xavier Trindade.

Antonio Xavier Trindade Research Scholarship

Antonio Xavier Trindade Research Scholarship

Note: The above article was written By Dr. Nalini Bhagwat and appeared on the following website (http://www.indiaart.com/Articles-and-Features/Articles-on-A-X-Trindade-by-Nalini-Bhagwat/Articles-on-A-X-Trindade-by-Nalini-Bhagwat.asp)